Какво не знаете за Будапеща

Наричат унгарската столица Будапеща „Дунавската перла“ заради нейната красота и богата история. Градът е изключително живописен и богат на забележителности: Унгарският парламент, Рибарският бастион, Кралският дворец, катедралата „Свети Стефан“ и Музеят на изящните изкуства, където има изложени произведения на Диего Веласкес, Франциско Гоя, Ел Греко, Огюст Роден и Рафаел. В този материал сме събрали няколко малко известни факта за столицата на Унгария:

Градът за малко да се казва „Пещабуда“




Будапеща е изключително древен град. Наследник е на римския град Аквинкум, който е основан още през 89 г. Градът се състои от две части – Буда (на западния бряг на река Дунав) и Пеща – на източния. През 1873 година управата на тогавашните два града взима решение за обединяването им в един. Проблемът бил, че и двете части на бъдещата столица се смятали за  по-достойни да дадат името си на града и по тази причина имало широко дискутиран открит дебат за името и кой от двата града да е първи в наименованието му.




Всички сгради в Будапеща трябва да бъдат по-ниски от 96 м.



В Будапеща няма да видите небостъргачи или твърде високи сгради. Макар градът да може да ви впечатли с наистина пленителна архитектура, има две сгради, които могат да се похвалят с титлата „Най-висока сграда в Будапеща“. И двете сгради са високи точно 96 м. Едната е сградата на унгарския парламент, който е издържан в готически стил и за него са използвани 40 кг. чисто злато. Другата сграда е катедралата „Свети Стефан“, която е построена в чест на първия крал на Унгария. Интересен факт е, че нейният строеж е отнел цели 54 години, за да бъде завършена. Това се дължи на пропуск на оригиналния архитект, който допуснал сериозна изчислителна грешка, довела до срутването на катедралата.

Отрязана ръка си има собствен парад



Според легендата около 50 години след смъртта на крал Стефан през 1038 година, неговите наследници отворили съркофага му, за да проверят за някакво чудо. Те открили, че тялото на покойния владетел било изчезнало с изключение на дясната му ръка. Крал Стефан бил канонизиран за светец от римския папа Григорий VII, а за неговата ръка се смята, че има чудотворни качества.  По-късно ръката на краля била открадната и няколко века обикаляла из Балканите и сменяла различни притежатели, докато накрая кралица Мария Тереза я връща на унгарския народ. Днес тя се съхранява в катедралата „Свети Стефан“ и е показвана по време на ежегодното шествие в нейна чест, което се провежда на 20-ти август.







Паметникът Гелерт има страхотна панорамна гледка, но тежка история




Свети Гелерт бил на поклонение в Палестина, когато бил привикан обратно от крал Стефан и бил натоварен с важна мисия – да помогне в приобщаването на маджарските езичници към християнската религия. Свети Гелерт се съгласил, макар в последствие да съжалил за решението си. След смъртта на краля, той вече не се ползвал с протекцията на двореца и бил хванат от езичниците. За наказание за покръстването им те го затварят в буре с шипове и го пускат по стръмния склон на хълмът Гелерт, което довело до смъртта му. По-късно на същото място е издигнат паметник на свети Гелерт, който се вижда от всяка точка на града и разкрива най-живописната панорамна гледка в Будапеща.



Мостът Сечени и легендите за него


Мостът, който свързва двете части на града – Буда и Пеща, бил завършен през 1849 година. Той бил поръчан от граф Ищван Сечени и до днес носи неговото име, но версиите за причината за неговото строителство малко се разминават. Първата теория е, че бащата на графа бил на смъртно легло, но графът не успял да стигне на време до него за последно сбогом, защото през зимата река Дунав е много опасна за пресичане с лодка. Тогава той се заклел пред майка си, че ще построи мост между двата бряга на реката, за да не се налага на никое друго семейство да преживява това.
Другата версия за строителството на моста не е толкова патетична и далеч по-реално изглеждаща. Според нея графът имал любовница от другата страна на реката и искал да може да я посещава по-често и по-лесно.



Кликнете ТУК и разгледайте предложенията на Актив Травъл за екскурзии до Будапеща.





28.01.2016

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